How to Handle Tantrums and Meltdowns in Toddlers

how to handle tantrums and meltdown

As a parent, it can be difficult to know how to handle tantrums and meltdowns in toddlers. While these behaviors are normal for this age group, understanding the triggers behind them is key to learning how best to manage them.

In this blog post, we will discuss ways how to handle tantrums and meltdowns and when you should seek professional help. With the right guidance and resources, parents can learn how best to handle their toddler’s outbursts while keeping themselves sane!

Table of Contents

How to Handle Tantrums and Meltdowns

Tantrums and meltdowns are both common behaviors for toddlers. It’s important to understand the difference between them so that you can respond in an appropriate way.

A tantrum is a child’s reaction to not getting what they want or when their expectations aren’t met. They may throw things, yell, cry, or even hit themselves or others. Tantrums usually last only a few minutes and can be managed by staying calm and setting limits on behavior while also providing comfort.

Meltdowns are more intense than tantrums and often involve physical aggression such as hitting, kicking, biting, etc., as well as emotional outbursts like screaming and crying uncontrollably.

Meltdowns typically occur when children become overwhelmed with emotions due to stressors such as sensory overload from loud noises or too many people around them at once.

Unlike tantrums which end quickly after the child gets what they want, meltdowns can last much longer until the child has calmed down enough to regain control of their emotions again.

When it comes to managing these behaviors it’s important to remain calm. Offer support and understanding for your child’s feelings without giving in to demands or rewarding bad behavior.

Try redirecting your toddler’s attention away from whatever triggered the meltdown by engaging in activities that will help them relax such as reading stories together or playing games.

If possible, remove any potential triggers from the environment before attempting any type of intervention so that your toddler isn’t further agitated by outside stimuli.

It is also helpful for parents and caregivers to take care of themselves during these moments since parenting young children can be emotionally draining. Taking breaks throughout the day (even if just 5 minutes) helps restore energy levels so you have more patience when dealing with challenging situations.

What to Do Before and After a Tantrum or Meltdown

There are many different causes for both tantrums and meltdowns including hunger/thirst, fatigue, boredom, feeling overwhelmed, feeling frustrated/angry, wanting attention, and difficulty expressing needs/wants verbally.

It is important for parents to recognize these triggers so that they can help their children manage their emotions before they escalate into full-blown outbursts.

Plan ahead by providing snacks before meals, ensuring adequate rest times throughout the day, preparing stimulating activities, and limiting exposure to loud noises or bright lights if they become overstimulated.

When your child is having a tantrum or meltdown, it can be difficult not to panic. It’s important to stay calm and remember that this behavior is normal for young children who may not have the ability yet to express their feelings in words. The best thing you can do during these moments is provided comfort and reassurance while allowing your child time and space until they are able to calm down on their own.

If necessary, remove yourself from the situation until both of you have had some time apart so that emotions don’t escalate further.

Once your child has calmed down, it is important that parents take time afterward to discuss what happened with their child in an age-appropriate way. This allows them to understand why certain behaviors are not acceptable while still feeling heard and understood.

Depending on the age of the child, this could involve talking about how different choices could have been made instead of resorting to throwing a tantrum.

Additionally, offering praise after good behavior helps reinforce positive actions which will help encourage better decision-making next time around.

Key Takeaway: Parents should anticipate triggers that lead to tantrums or meltdowns, provide comfort and reassurance, and discuss the situation afterward in an age-appropriate way.

Managing Stress Levels in Toddlers

It is important to be aware of the signs that your toddler may be feeling overwhelmed or stressed. These can include changes in behavior such as increased irritability, clinginess, and difficulty sleeping.

Other physical signs of stress may include headaches, stomachaches, fatigue, or muscle tension.

Pay attention to how your child responds when faced with new situations or challenges. If they seem anxious or overly emotional, it could be a sign that they are feeling overwhelmed.

To help reduce stress levels for toddlers, it is important to create a safe and secure environment where their needs are met and their feelings are validated. Make sure you provide plenty of positive reinforcement for good behavior while also setting clear boundaries and expectations.

Try to limit distractions by creating quiet spaces where your child can relax without too much stimulation from electronics or other activities. And make sure you set aside time each day for one-on-one playtime with your toddler so they feel connected and loved.

When faced with stressful situations, it is important to remain calm so you can guide your child through the situation without escalating things further.

Talk through the problem together using simple language that your toddler will understand. This will help them process what is happening more easily instead of becoming overwhelmed by emotions alone.

You should also try teaching them some basic coping skills like deep breathing exercises which can help them stay focused on calming down rather than getting upset.

how to handle tantrums and meltdowns


When to Seek Professional Help for Your Child’s Behavioral Issues

It is important to remember that tantrums and meltdowns are a normal part of childhood development. However, if your child’s behavior becomes increasingly difficult to manage or is causing harm to themselves or others, it may be time to seek professional help.

Signs that you should consider seeking help include:

  • Frequent outbursts.
  • Aggression towards other children or adults.
  • Difficulty controlling emotions.
  • Difficulty following instructions.
  • Refusal of activities they used to enjoy.

There are many professionals who can provide support with behavioral issues in children such as psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

A psychologist will assess the child’s behavior through observation and testing while a psychiatrist can prescribe medication if needed.

Social workers can provide guidance on how best to handle challenging behaviors while counselors focus on helping the child understand their feelings and develop coping strategies for managing them.

Look for someone who has experience working with young children, specifically dealing with behavioral issues. It is also helpful if they have knowledge about underlying medical conditions that could be contributing factors such as ADHD or autism spectrum disorder (ASD).

FAQs About How to Handle Tantrums and Meltdowns

What should you not do during tantrums?

  • Don’t Lose Your Cool.
  • Don’t Laugh.
  • Don’t Take Things Personally.
  • Don’t Try to Reason.
  • Don’t Walk Away.

At what age are tantrums unacceptable?

Tantrums are a normal part of development for toddlers and young children. However, as they get older, tantrums should become less frequent and less intense.

Generally speaking, by the time a child is 3 years old, their tantrums should be decreasing in frequency and intensity.

By age 6, most children have outgrown regular tantrums altogether and can express their feelings in more appropriate ways.

How do you snap a child out of tantrums?

  • Find out why the tantrum is happening.
  • Understand and accept your child’s anger.
  • Find a distraction.
  • Wait for it to stop.
  • Do not change your mind.
  • Be prepared when you’re out shopping.
  • Try holding your child firmly until the tantrum passes.

What causes a child to have meltdowns?

For younger children, temper tantrums occur when they feel overwhelmed with strong emotions and don’t know how to express or manage their intense feelings of anger. For older children, these outbursts of rage may occur because they haven’t learned how to express their frustration in a healthy way.


Learning how to handle tantrums and meltdowns in toddlers can be a difficult task for parents. It is important to remember that these behaviors are normal for children of this age and it is up to the parent or caregiver to handle them appropriately.

By taking the time to understand why your child may be having these outbursts, you can better manage their behavior and help them learn how to handle their emotions in a healthy way. With patience, consistency, and professional help, you can successfully handle tantrums and meltdowns with your toddler.

Are you a parent of a 3- to 6-year-old struggling with tantrums or meltdowns? You are not alone! We have the resources available to help.

Visit our website for tips, tricks, and strategies on how to handle these common yet difficult situations. Don’t let your child’s behavior control your life – take charge today and get the support you need now!


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